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Pacific islands face two crises at once

Not only must the region protect its people from the deadly coronavirus pandemic, it has to also recover from a second wave of destruction - Tropical Cyclone Harold.

Not even a global pandemic could halt a natural disaster.

Last week Tropical Cyclone Harold - a category five cyclone - tore through Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Fiji and Tonga, killing dozens of people and causing widespread destruction to homes, food crops and water infrastructure.

Vanuatu was hardest hit with roads, hospitals, schools, homes and churches suffering significant damage. In Central and South Pentecost, between 80 to 90 per cent of people lost their homes.

Vanuatu | @Unicef/UNI319552
Vanuatu | @Unicef/UNI319552

Cyclone Harold tore through several Pacific Island nations last week. Vanuatu was one of the worst hit with the cyclone destroying homes, shelters, schools and health facilities.

For our Pacifc neighbours, climate emergencies are all too familiar. In 2015, Vanuatu was left devastated after Cyclone Pam wreaked havoc on the island, killing 17 people and destroying more than 65,000 homes.

This time around, the coronavirus outbreak has made it even more challenging to respond to the disaster.

Governments in the Pacific are continuing to enforce strict measures like border closures, travel restrictions and lockdowns in an effort to protect communities and prevent the spread of COVID-19.

Emergency response supplies need to spend three days in quarantine before they are dispatched to affected regions.

Even without the global pandemic, travel and logistics across the vast Pacific region is extremely challenging with healthcare workers often trekking for days across mountainous jungle terrain to reach communities in some of the most hidden corners of the region.

Fiji | @Unicef/UN0248790
Fiji | @Unicef/UN0248790

Iosefatu stands with his two-year-old daughter Tulia on the remains of a house that was destroyed by Cyclone Pam in 2015.

Vanuatu is one of the few countries in the world that has not had any confirmed cases of the virus, but there are fears that the country’s health system will struggle to cope with an outbreak.

“Our small size and limited resources makes us extremely vulnerable during an emergency crisis like this,” says Zubnah Khan, UNICEF Pacific Communications Officer.

“What is challenging is that our UNICEF Pacific staff based in Fiji are not able to travel out to other islands and support our offices in responding to this threat.”

"Our small size and limited resources makes us extremely vulnerable..."

Vanuatu | @Unicef/UNI316540
Vanuatu | @Unicef/UNI316540

UNICEF is continuing to support COVID-19 preparedness and response for hygiene promotion that includes setting up hand-washing stations in communities and hand-washing demonstrations.

Prior to the cyclone, UNICEF and partners provided 170,000 essential medical supplies to the region including respirators, surgical masks, swabs, thermometers, testing kits, gloves and medical gowns.

UNICEF also supplied communication materials for use at airports, schools and in communities to help inform the public about the symptoms of COVID-19 and how to act to prevent the spread of the virus.

UNICEF Chief of Vanuatu Field Office, Eric Durpaire, says while the current priority is to provide affected areas with the humanitarian support needed to recover, he believes the community will remain diligent when it comes to social distancing and public health advice.

“People are really, really concerned about the virus,” he says.

“They see the news and what is happening in the world and they are very concerned so they are not taking risks.”

Vanuatu | @Unicef/UNI319538
Vanuatu | @Unicef/UNI319538

Suitcases, rolled up mattresses and mats, even clothes, buckets and personal items are still attached to a secondary school's walls, which are now just bare frames.

"We have to face it and I think all of us here at UNICEF are well equipped to respond."

Despite the ongoing work to get much-needed supplies to affected areas, Eric says one of the biggest challenges has been the lack of attention around the disaster.

While last week’s cyclone caused just as much devastation as Cyclone Pam in 2015, Eric says the concern around COVID-19 means there has been little to no media attention on the recent climate crisis.

“Everyone is concerned with COVID-19, so attention and resource mobilisation is more difficult than it used to be,” Eric says, adding UNICEF is responding to the cyclone and COVID-19 measures in an integrated way by strengthening health systems and repairing damaged water infrastructure.

“You can’t control a natural disaster. The global pandemic situation does make it more difficult, but it is just part of the reality.

"We have to face it and I think all of us here at UNICEF are well equipped to respond.”

Vanuatu | @Unicef/UNI320314
Vanuatu | @Unicef/UNI320314

Enes and her son Miles, 1, had to move to her brothers house in the middle of the cyclone when one house came down and rain started to come inside. "I was a little afraid but I had to be strong for my child," Enes says.

Right now, UNICEF is supporting countries around the world respond to the COVID-19 pandemic - delivering urgently needed health and hygiene supplies, as well as any other emergency assistance they require.

However, due to the scale of the pandemic and further disasters, resources are hugely stretched. The need for your support has never been greater.

Please donate now and provide urgently needed supplies.